What is the difference between the 189 and 190 visas?

A Skilled Visa allows you to come to Australia to work and live as a permanent resident. Skilled visas are used by the Australian Government to meet the demand in the Australian economy for skilled workers in specific industries.

Skilled Nominated Visa (subclass 190)

​This visa is for skilled workers who are nominated by a state or territory government agency.

It allows you and your family to live and work in Australia as a permanent resident.

To apply for this visa, you must be invited and meet a points test. Generally, you need an occupation that is on the relevant Medium and Long‑term Strategic Skills List or Short‑term Skilled Occupation List, a skills assessment, be under the age of 45 and have at least ‘competent’ English.

Skilled Independent Visa (subclass 189)

This visa is for skilled workers who are not sponsored by an employer or family member or nominated by a state or territory government.

It allows you and your family to live and work in Australia as a permanent resident.

To apply for this visa you must be invited and meet a points test. Generally, you need an occupation that is on the relevant Medium and Long‑term Strategic Skills List, a skills assessment, be under the age of 45 and have at least ‘competent’ English.

Differences between the subclass 189 and subclass 190 visas

To obtain a subclass 190 visa you need to be nominated by a State or Territory Government. This visa has additional obligations, such as the commitment to live and work in the nominating state or territory for two years. Some states have additional requirements.

Nomination by a state or territory does not guarantee a visa and it does not guarantee you a job.

One of the key benefits of the subclass 190 visa is that you will receive an extra 5 points for your points test as a result of the nomination.

How do I apply?

People interested in skilled migration to Australia can submit an Expression of Interest (EOI) through SkillSelect. You will then be ranked in SkillSelect according to the score you get on the points test.

An EOI is not a visa application. Depending on your score, rank and other factors such as occupation caps, you may receive an invitation to apply for a visa.

What is SkillSelect?

SkillSelect is an online service run by the Department of Home Affairs that supports the skilled migration program. People interested in skilled migration to Australia can submit an Expression of Interest (EOI) through SkillSelect.

Through SkillSelect, skilled people can be nominated for skilled visas by Australian employers or State and Territory governments, or invited by the Australian Government to lodge a visa application.

How do I arrange a nomination for a subclass 190 visa?

When you submit an Expression of Interest through SkillSelect, State and Territory government agencies will be able to view it and can nominate you for a visa. Each State or Territory prioritises different occupations and skills.

When you submit your EOI, you can indicate which States and Territories you wish to make yourself available to. You can choose one or you can choose all.

Typically you will be required to live in the nominating State or Territory for a minimum length of time after you receive your visa.

How many points do I need?

For the Skilled Independent Visa (subclass 189) and the Skilled Nominated Visa (subclass 190); you must score at least 60 points in order to be eligible to be invited to apply for the visa.

Generally, the more points you can claim, the better.

What can I claim points for?

Points can be awarded for:

  • skills
  • age
  • English language ability
  • occupation
  • Australian work experience, and
  • Australian qualifications.

You can calculate you points at our free points calculator: https://migrationedge.com.au/skilled-migration-points-test-calculator/

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